In the upper levels, instruction continues to be 90% in the target language and input, while at a higher level, continues to be comprehensible. However, more explicit instruction of grammar can occur. Students, having spent the previous years being exposed to grammar in various contexts are now engaged in language manipulation, i.e., using various linguistic structures to create original output. While communication is still the main focus, communicating with greater accuracy becomes a focus. Additionally, the curriculum is developed and delivered under the umbrella of the College Board’s thematic AP framework in order to continue to prepare students for success at the college level and beyond. Some of the tasks you might see performed in the upper levels at OCSA are literature circles, daily news story presentations from the countries studied, students teaching culture through class presentations, film studies, song analysis, deepening reading comprehension of authentic texts through enactment strategies and many collaborative and whole class exchanges of ideas.